good bishop // Shutterstock
Types of cancer on the rise
Cancer rates are rising around the world, and as the number of diagnosed cases continues to mount year after year, cancer is predicted to overtake heart disease as the leading cause of death in America.
Cancer affects all of us, whether it’s ourselves, a family member or a close friend. It is impossible to avoid its omnipresence. Although many types of cancer are genetic, the risk of some can be reduced by eating a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, and even wearing sunscreen for extended hours in the sun at the beach. And although the prognosis for many is often tragic, early detection and regular medical check-ups are not only the smart thing to do, they can save lives.
Using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Stacker averaged the annual number of new cancer cases per 100,000 people in 2000 and 2018 (the most recent year for complete data) to determine the upward trend in certain types of the disease. From there, Stacker compiled a list of nine cancers that had the biggest jump in frequency over that 18-year period.
Read on to find out which forms of cancer are on the rise.
You might also like: The most common chronic illnesses among American seniors
#ten. Cancer of the body and uterus
– New cases in 2000: 23.7 per 100,000 people
– New cases in 2018: 27.4 per 100,000 people
– Increase in new case rates from 2000 to 2018: 15.6%
Also known as endometrial cancer, cancer of the body and uterus is usually diagnosed after the symptom of abnormal vaginal bleeding, which occurs in 90% of patients. This cancer generally affects menopausal people, although 5% of cases occur in people under 40 years of age.
David Tadevosian // Shutterstock
#9. Pancreatic cancer
– New cases in 2000: 11.1 per 100,000 people
– New cases in 2018: 13.1 per 100,000 people
– Increase in new case rates from 2000 to 2018: 18%
The pancreas is an organ located behind the stomach that releases hormones that help process sugar. Unfortunately, symptoms of pancreatic cancer rarely present themselves until the disease reaches a more advanced stage, at which time a cure is unlikely. Steve Jobs and Patrick Swayze both died of this cancer.
T-Photo // Shutterstock
#8. Acute lymphoid leukemia
– New cases in 2000: 1.5 per 100,000 people
– New cases in 2018: 1.8 per 100,000 people
– Increase in new case rates from 2000 to 2018: 20%
Acute lymphoid leukemia, a type of blood cancer found mainly in children, occurs when abnormal white blood cells develop in the bone marrow. ALL enters the bloodstream and, like other forms of cancer, can spread to other organs such as the liver and spleen. ALL has seen an increase in cases in the United States, in both children and adults, with death possibly occurring in adults. Typical treatment for ALL in adults tends to be long-term chemotherapy, and in children chemotherapy is given in three phases.
kan_chana // Shutterstock
#7. Kidney and renal pelvis cancer
– New cases in 2000: 12.7 per 100,000 people
– New cases in 2018: 16.9 per 100,000 people
– Increase in new case rates from 2000 to 2018: 33.1%
The renal pelvis is the part of the kidney that connects to the tubes, called ureters, which carry urine to the bladder. Typical symptoms of this disease are blood in the urine and constant back pain on one side. Surgery is a common form of treatment, including removal of the entire kidney.
Pixel Shot Shutterstock
#6. Skin cancer (excluding basal and squamous)
– New cases in 2000: 17.6 per 100,000 people
– New cases in 2018: 23.7 per 100,000 people
– Increase in rates of new cases from 2000 to 2018: 34.7%
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States with predictions that 1 in 5 Americans will have the disease by age 70. Having multiple sunburns increases the risk of melanoma, a serious form of skin cancer. . Deaths from melanoma are predicted to rise to 6.5% in 2022. Some standard treatments for skin cancer include chemotherapy, immunotherapy (the use of drugs to boost a person’s immune system to fight off cancer cells) and other drug treatments.
You might also like: Social isolation and mental health: expert tips for staying healthy
wavebreakmedia // Shutterstock
#5. tongue cancer
– New cases in 2000: 2.7 per 100,000 people
– New cases in 2018: 3.7 per 100,000 people
– Increase in rates of new cases from 2000 to 2018: 37%
There are different types of cancers that develop on the tongue. Tongue cancer is more common in older people and in men. Risk factors for tongue cancer include smoking, alcohol consumption, and the sexually transmitted disease HPV. Some symptoms of oral tongue cancer include a lump that looks like an ulcer. For cancer of the base of the tongue, there are minimal symptoms at first, but as the disease progresses, there is difficulty swallowing and a feeling of fullness in the throat.
Shidlovski // Shutterstock
#4. Cancer of the liver and intrahepatic bile ducts
– New cases in 2000: 5.1 per 100,000 people
– New cases in 2018: 8.3 per 100,000 people
– Increase in new case rates from 2000 to 2018: 62.7%
Bile is produced in the liver. It then passes through a duct system and empties into the intestine. Cancer cells can grow from liver cells and ducts. Symptoms of this disease include jaundice, itchy skin, and weight loss. This form of cancer usually affects people over the age of 50.
Motortion Films // Shutterstock
#3. Tonsil cancer
– New cases in 2000: 1.4 per 100,000 people
– New cases in 2018: 2.3 per 100,000 people
– Increase in rates of new cases from 2000 to 2018: 64.3%
Men are three times more likely than women to be diagnosed with tonsil cancer. Symptoms usually involve a constant sore throat, mouth pain, and difficulty chewing and/or swallowing. Tonsil cancer is usually diagnosed by blood tests and X-rays to determine if the tumor has spread to other parts of the body such as the lungs. Treatment options for tonsil cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
#2. Thyroid cancer
– New cases in 2000: 7.4 per 100,000 people
– New cases in 2018: 13.2 per 100,000 people
– Increase in rates of new cases from 2000 to 2018: 78.4%
The thyroid is a gland located in the neck that produces hormones that control your heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight. When diagnosed early, thyroid cancer is one of the most treatable types of cancer. Although doctors don’t know what causes thyroid cancer, it’s more common in women and people exposed to radiation.
Andrey_Popov // Shutterstock
#1. Oropharyngeal cancer
– New cases in 2000: 0.4 per 100,000 people
– New cases in 2018: 0.8 per 100,000 people
– Increase in new case rates from 2000 to 2018: 100%
Oropharyngeal cancer occurs when malignant cancer cells are detected in the oropharynx, the middle part of the throat. The oropharynx plays a huge role in the passage of air, food, and fluids. Oropharyngeal cancer has been on the rise for years with 10,850 deaths in the United States in 2021. Treatment options include chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
You might also like: The best states for health care