Alcohol types

Reduce the consumption of 6 types of food to reduce the risk of developing colon cancer

Colorectal cancer (colon cancer) is the second most common cancer in Hong Kong, and in recent years there is a trend of occurrence among the younger generation.

Colorectal cancer is closely related to the eating habits of the patient. To reduce the risk, experts recommend limiting the consumption of six types of food.

Dr. Teddy Fu Yu Hsiang, director of Taiwan Hsiang Zhan Clinic, said colorectal cancer is easily overlooked due to its mild initial symptoms. He said that the cause of colorectal cancer is closely related to one’s diet, as well as other factors, and it is recommended to eat less of the following six types of food.

1. Alcohol

Excessive alcohol consumption is a risk factor for colorectal cancer. As a general medical guide, 2 units per day for a male and 1 unit per day for a female is the upper limit. Anything above these limits is considered excessive consumption. 1 unit is equivalent to 15 g (0.03 oz) of alcohol, or approximately 350 ml (11.8 fl oz) of beer or 40 ml (1.35 fl oz) of whisky.

2. Fried food

For fried foods such as fried chicken, French fries and salt chicken, it is recommended to monitor the number of times you eat each month.

3. BBQ food

Phenols produced by foods from high-temperature barbecues also have risk factors for colorectal cancer.

4. Red meat

Reduce consumption of red meat, including pork, beef and mutton. According to the British National Health Service (NHS) recommendation, consumption of red meat and processed meat should not exceed 90 grams (3.2 ounces) per day, and it is recommended that it be less than 70 grams (2 .4 ounces) for the best result. You can eat more fish and chicken and add more vegetables as a meal supplement.

5. Processed foods

Processed foods such as sausages, ham, and fondue ingredients often contain chemical additives, which are high in fat, salt, and sugar, and are therefore unhealthy.

6. Moldy foods

Moldy foods often contain carcinogens. Even if the moldy parts are removed before consumption, the mycelium invisible to the naked eye has already contaminated the food and is harmful if ingested.

Dr Fu said that older people who exercise less, who have their own medical history and/or who have a family member with similar cases, poor eating habits and smoking and alcohol consumption are all groups at high risk for colorectal cancer. He advised the public to get checked regularly. Current common control methods include fecal occult blood tests and colonoscopies.