At the start of 2021, there were almost 4.9 million people under the age of 25 in the Netherlands. They’ve been affected by the changes in the 2020 corona year in all kinds of ways. For example: the number of beneficiaries of youth care decreased for the first time since the introduction of the law on children and youth in 2015. In total, 429,000 young people benefited from youth care in 2020, compared to 444,000 in 2019. Much fewer new youth care trajectories have been launched. during the months of April and May compared to the same months in 2019. In addition, the number of reported cases of child abuse has increased: from almost 56,000 in 2019 to over 62,000 in 2020. Figures Definitions on youth protection and reported cases of child abuse in the year 2020 became available on October 29, 2021.
Recommendations from the lower school; more promotions and graduation
In 2020, all pupils and students were to participate in distance learning. This made it more difficult to perform tests, among other effects. In the 2019/2020 school year, 8th grade pupils did not take the primary school leaving test; the final recommendations for the type of secondary education were on average lower than in previous years: 55.2% of these students were recommended the VMBO-GT / HAVO types and above (pre-vocational, general secondary or pre-university secondary) against 58 , 5% in the previous school year.
In secondary education, the share of students in grade 3 and above who were promoted was higher than in the previous year: 88.1%, compared to 83.9% in 2019. At all levels of secondary education , completion rates increased to nearly There were no national written exams in 2020. The results of the leaving exams were therefore only based on the schools’ own exams. High completion rates and the fact that fewer young graduates took a gap year resulted in higher enrollment in higher education.
|* provisional figures|
Young people are more likely to work in sectors affected by the pandemic
At 66%, the participation rate of young people aged 15 to 26 was lower last year than in 2019 (68%). Additionally, younger workers were more likely to report their jobs were suspended during the pandemic than older workers. This concerned 7% of employees aged 15 to 26, against 1% of employees aged 27 to 74 and linked to the fact that young people are over-represented in sectors affected by the coronavirus pandemic, including accommodation. and food services, and culture, sports and recreation. The number of young people claiming social assistance benefits increased by more than 6,000 from the previous year, while another 9,000 young people applied for benefits under the Tozo Law.
|No impact on work||51||46|
|The work situation has changed||41||52|
|Suspended or restricted work||seven||1|
|Does not work, belongs to the risk group||1||1|
|Source: CBS, TNO.|
Less alcohol consumption among young people
In 2020, young people could not go out for a drink due to COVID-19 measures. Previous CBS research shows that young adults in particular (18-24) have started drinking less alcohol under these measures than before. The National Youth Monitor’s annual report indicates that girls aged 12 to 18, in particular, were less likely to report that they drank occasionally. Binge drinking was lower among young adult males (18-24) in 2020 than a year earlier.
|Source: CBS, RIVM, Trimbos Institute|
Fewer young people say they are happy
In 2020, 84% of young adults said they were generally happy, while 81% were happy with their lives. In 2019, these shares were 88% and 86% respectively. Most young people (97%) were in contact with others at least once a week, either by seeing them, calling them or exchanging messages with them. This share was the same in 2019. However, in 2020, fewer young people were in daily contact with relatives outside their own family (31%, compared to 38% in 2019).
Less emigration from the Caribbean Netherlands
In the Caribbean Netherlands, fewer young adults left for Curaçao, Aruba or Saint Martin during the pandemic. There were also fewer emigrants from Bonaire and Saba who left for the European part of the Netherlands. In addition, fewer students from Saba University’s medical school have returned to the United States and Canada.