Alcohol types

A guide to all the different types of psychedelic mushrooms

Everyone makes psychedelics – or at least everyone thinks about it. Scientists are publishing studies on the mental health benefits of LSD and magic mushrooms, while microdosing has become the wellness supplement of the day. In the United States, college students even preferred psychedelics to alcohol during lockdown, a decision bolstered by a 2020 study that said the former can make people more accepting of distressing experiences.

The growing popularity of psychedelics has even influenced their legal status. Since 2019, several cities, including Denver, Santa Cruz, Washington DC and Seattle, have decriminalized magic mushrooms, and psychedelic-assisted therapy centers have opened across the country. the Observer even recently reported that the legal psychedelic market is expected to be worth nearly $7 billion by 2027.

For those looking to try psychedelics, mushrooms are a good first bet. Sure, you can buy them from a dealer, but you can also harvest them or even grow them yourself, making this a pretty easy-to-find psychedelic. Oddly, if you do decide to grow them, you can legally buy and own spores in most states — because they don’t contain psilocybin, which puts the magic in magic mushrooms — but it’s illegal to germinate them and produce mushrooms.

But before we get into the spore issues (and storage, dosage, and midstream activities), you need to familiarize yourself with the different types of mushrooms available. According to double blind, there are 180 different species of psilocybin-containing mushrooms growing around the world, many of which contain their own subset of strains that often look, taste, and feel different from each other. Those looking to harvest mushrooms should be extremely Be careful and only take mushrooms that they are absolutely sure are what they think they are, as many species of wild mushrooms are poisonous and can even be deadly.

To give you an overview of what’s out there, here are four of the most common magic mushroom species, how to identify them, and what they look like.

Psilocybe Cubensis

Also known as golden halos, cubes, or golden caps, psilocybe cubensis is the most well-known species of magic mushroom, thanks to its ease of cultivation and wide distribution. Like double blind notes, if you’ve ever picked up shrooms and didn’t know what type they were, it was probably cubes. For those looking to feed on these mushrooms – which contain psilocybin and psilocin – they typically grow on cow dung (yum!), sugarcane mulch, or rich pasture soil, and can be found in various locations in the Southern United States, Central and South America, India, Southeast Asia, Australia and more. In the northern hemisphere, you will find them between February and December, while in the southern hemisphere, you will find them from November to April.

Golden halos get their name from their “reddish cinnamon brown to golden brown” color which, according to Wiki Mycology, become “bluish/purplish when bruised due to oxidation of their psilocin content”. Cubes are larger than most other species of magic mushrooms, their caps (usually flat and smooth) widening as they mature. It is estimated that there are between 40 and 60 strains of the species – the most famous of which include Golden Teacher, B+, Penis Envy and Mazatapec – so it is impossible to summarize what psilocybe cubensis mushrooms look like or what effect they have in as a species: Each strain is unique. Additionally, those grown at home will differ significantly from those grown in the wild, both in appearance and potency (strains grown indoors are generally stronger).

B+ is a popular variety with those looking to grow their own mushrooms because, like healing mushrooms reports, “It’s easy to work with, accepting a very wide range of growing conditions and substrates, and producing large, thick caps.” It has a reputation for being “very visual, warm and witty” and is considered a good choice for beginners.

Golden Teacher is also popular with hobby growers and is considered suitable for beginners, as trips on this strain tend to be shorter – two to four hours – and offer a “calm and relaxing experience with only mild visuals, but a strong body component. The Mazatapec strain also takes a little longer to grow than B+ or Golden Teacher, but is still a popular choice for young trippers, as it is “very gentle on the body”, allowing you to experience the “powerful spiritual journey”. » let her take you. .

Penis Envy – dubbed “the most desirable magic mushroom today” by The third wave — gets its name from its cock-like appearance (a thick stem with a bulbous cap). This strain is said to be particularly potent, “with unusually high concentrations of psilocybin and psilocin, contributing to a more intense visual and euphoric experience.” Ancient Path Naturals adds that Penis Envy mushrooms can induce “deep introspection, abstract thinking, and feelings of connection to the world.” As they take longer to mature and produce fewer spores, The third wave says Penis Envy mushrooms are “notoriously difficult to find or grow, which, perhaps, is where the envy comes from.” Again, others think the name comes from their large size.

Liberty Caps

Also known as psilocybe semilanceata, pixie caps, or witches hats, liberty caps are some of the most common. and powerful magic mushrooms in the world. These small mushrooms typically grow in the colder northern hemisphere (mainly Europe) in grasslands such as meadows, pastures or lawns – usually those that have been fertilized with sheep or cow dung (unlike psilocybe cubensis , they do not grow directly on manure, though ).

These are some of the smallest psychedelic mushrooms, with stems only 1.5 to 4 inches long and 0.2 to 1 inch bell-shaped caps with a distinct “nipple-like protrusion” on the top. above. Typically, they are yellow to brown in color, but fade as they mature. According to double blind, they are difficult to grow indoors, so most freedom pods eaten are wild-collected – but they can easily be confused with similar-looking mushrooms, so as always, be careful. You should also choose a lot of them for a single dose, because they dry out even smaller than they already are.

The first recorded experience of someone tripping from liberty plugs dates back to 1799, when a British family ingested them as part of a meal after picking mushrooms in London’s Green Park. According to a doctor’s report at the time, shortly after eating the freedom capsules, the father and his four children found themselves in fits of “immoderate laughter”, followed by dizziness, dilated pupils and delirium. It looks fun!

Along with these effects, those who eat freedom capsules may also feel happy, empathetic, and social, and experience visual hallucinations. Mushroom farm says they’re ideal for beginners because they’re “one of the ‘friendliest’ magic mushrooms” – just be careful with your dosage.

Wavy Caps

Taking its name from the distinctly wavy shape of its caramel to brown cap (which fades when dry), the wavy-capped species – also known as psilocybe cyanescens – grows on “woody debris” such as wood chips or mulch beds in gardens, paths and parks. Indeed, according to Analytical Cannabis, the wavy cap has “used the timber and mulch production industries to increase its spread around the world”. These mushrooms are found primarily in the Pacific Northwest, as well as parts of Europe, Asia, and New Zealand.

Although wavy caps can be grown indoors, Pillow reports that it’s particularly difficult, meaning most are sought or grown outdoors. Like freedom capsules, this type of shroom has several lookalikes and is also particularly potent, containing “high psilocybin, very high psilocin, and a trace amount of baeocystin.” If you find the right one, you can be sure that their potency makes them highly sought after, with effects such as calm feelings, bliss, and deep thoughts.

Flying Saucer Mushrooms

Forget everything you just read about freedom caps and wavy caps (sort of), flying saucer mushrooms – aka psilocybe azurescens, blue runners, or blue angels – are even stronger. As reported by Analytical Cannabisthey are “generally considered to be the most potent wild mushrooms discovered to date”, containing “three to four times more” psilocybin, psilocin, and baeocystin than freedom cubes or capsules.

Flying saucer mushrooms – named for their large, flattened caps – grow on the West Coast, including Oregon and California. They were reportedly first found in Oregon by Boy Scouts in 1979, but weren’t officially classified until 1996. These mushrooms also get their alternate names – blue runner or blue angel – from the way the stem turns blue when handled.

Unlike the aforementioned species, flying saucer mushrooms have one particularly scary side effect: you could potentially be temporarily paralyzed after ingesting a large dose. But if you’re prepared for this and make the decision to sit still for a while, you might be fine – or you could just take a lower dose. Other than that, these shrooms are said to produce “intense visual hallucinations and deep journeys into alternate realms of consciousness.” Kind of like a trip on a flying saucer, I guess.

For those looking to identify your homegrown or picked magic mushrooms, you can join the r/ShroomID subreddit here, learn identification via mushroom spores here, or get your hands on Paul Stamets’ book, Psilocybin mushrooms of the world – which has been called “the most comprehensive field guide” to mushrooms – here.

Good trip!